CMES Research Seminar: Female Labor, Ethnic Inequality, and Sectoral Composition in the Middle East - Evidence From Syrian Census Data
Paper presentation by Rami Zalfou, CMES and Department of Economic History.
Rami Zalfou is a PhD Candidate in Economic History at CMES. He has a MSc in Economics from Birkbeck, University of London. The PhD project is focused on economics, conflict, and demographic changes in the Middle East.
Recent research has questioned the presence of a U-shaped relationship between female labor market participation and economic development in the Middle East context. Building on the work of Goldin (1995), this paper is the first to exploit the diversity in economic structure across cities, towns, and villages to test the U-shape hypothesis. The U-shaped relationship is found to hold both across and within ethnic groups, with ethnic differences in female labor market participation explained by differences in sectoral composition across places. Female labor market participation follows a clear negative gradient as a function of the local share of secondary sector employment and it increases with the expansion of the tertiary sector and as a function of the public sector employment share. Different places within the same country move simultaneously along the downward- and upward-sloping parts of the U-curve, which can explain inconsistent results in previous studies that use macro-level data.
The talk is held at CMES, Finngatan 16 in Lund. If you are not able to attend in-person, there is an option to attend via Zoom. Please register here for Zoom attendance: https://lu-se.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5cpdOitqjotEtVgjLeQ_8vXpUvuwn2jheg_