There is limited understanding of the geopolitics of fire, conflict, and land, for example, how conflict and fire are related and how conflict impacts the biophysical environment. Since 2014, the natural environment in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq has been negatively affected by recurrent conflict that coincided with a sharp increase in the number of reported fires. Against this background, this study explores the spatiotemporal aspects of conflict, fire, and land use and land cover in this region. We combine several satellite-derived products, including land use and land cover, active fire, and precipitation.
During the First World War the Assyrians suffered great losses as a result of massacres and deportations organized by the Ottomans. Between 250.000 and 300.000 Assyrians are estimated to have lost their lives during the Seyfo, the Syriac word for “sword”. Several Assyro-Chaldean delegations, from different countries and different churches, participated in the Paris Peace Conference after the War in order to lobby the victorious powers for a free Assyria under one mandatory power.
This report explores the historical development of the theological concepts of jihadi Salafism and their implications on the ground. By doing so, it interrogates the complicated relationship between these concepts and the ever-changing socio-political context in which they have developed.
A systematic literature review of 27 peer-reviewed articles
By CMES Helen Avery (and Larmbert Ebitua, Khaldoon A.Mourad, Joshua Enyetua)
CMES Helen Avery has published a chapter (together with Birgitta Nordén) in the book "Universities, Sustainability and Society: Supporting the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals".
The present article by CMES Orwa Ajjoub provides a thematic analysis of Hadid’s essay titled “Between Chechnya and al-Sham … Lessons and Examples: A Brief Political Study of the Chechen Experience and the Future of al-Sham,” which was published on the AQ-affiliated website Bayan in July 2020.
Groundwater resources provide a large share of the world’s water demand for various sectors such as agriculture, industry, and drinking water. Particularly in the Middle East's arid and semi-arid regions, with surface water scarcity and high evaporation, groundwater is a valuable commodity.
Hossein Hashemi, Ronny Berndtsson, Amir Naghibi, S. Lee
In this article CMES Spyros A. Sofos and Nazanin Shahrokni present a case analysis of Sahar Khodayari’s transformation into a global injustice icon, the #BlueGirl, after she set herself ablaze outside a courthouse in Tehran, Iran, allegedly in protest against the ban on women entering football stadiums.
The demand for water supply is continuously rising due to population growth and development across the world. In arid and semi-arid areas, particularly the Middle East, aquifers form the central freshwater reserves, hence are being uncontrollably exploited to meet water demand for an ever-increasing population and industrialization. By Hossein Hashemi, Ronny Berndtsson, Amir Naghibi, Ehsan Kamali Maskooni.
This study identifies obstacles and barriers in distance learning and the use of electronic exams, comparing them to pursue success in the distance education system during the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). By
Raed Bashitialshaaer, CMES, Mohammed Alhendawi, Education and Psychology, Al-Azhar University, Gaza, Zohra Lassoued, College of Social and Human Sciences, El Oued University, Algeria
The majority of the new dust sources are due to environmental degradation caused by human activities. To prevent further dust source generation, the first step is to identify the new dust sources and predict the dust source occurrences in the vulnerable areas. We developed a novel approach that combines machine learning algorithms and remote sensing techniques for dust source detection and susceptibility in Iran's arid northeastern part.
Hossein Hashemi, Ronny Berndtsson et al.