Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Hossein

Hossein Hashemi

Senior lecturer

Hossein

Artificial recharge by floodwater spreading estimated by water balances and groundwater modelling in arid Iran

Author

  • Hossein Hashemi
  • Ronny Berndtsson
  • Magnus Persson

Summary, in English

Water harvesting and artificial recharge have been a traditional solution to water scarcity problems in the arid and semi-arid Middle East for thousands of years. These techniques are increasingly being encouraged, and recently there has been renewed interest to find improved methods for water harvesting and artificial recharge in many arid countries. In this study, water balance calculations and groundwater modelling were utilized to investigate the performance and hydrological function of an improved water harvesting technique, referred to as the floodwater spreading system, in arid Iran. The recharge amount in the floodwater spreading system studied varied from a few hundred thousand cubic metres per month during drought periods to about 4.5 × 106 m3 per month during rainy periods. However, the gain through artificial recharge was diminished by excessive ground- water abstraction by numerous newly drilled pumping wells. Hence, the groundwater declined in spite of the artificial recharge. However, this research showed that, with balanced pumping, the floodwater spreading system could be an efficient way to increase groundwater resources in arid and semi-arid areas. Further research is needed to optimize the floodwater harvesting system to improve its management in view of the uncertain frequency and magnitude of inflow.

Department/s

  • Division of Water Resources Engineering
  • Centre for Advanced Middle Eastern Studies
  • MECW: The Middle East in the Contemporary World

Publishing year

2015

Language

English

Pages

336-350

Publication/Series

Hydrological Sciences Journal

Volume

60

Issue

2

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Topic

  • Other Social Sciences
  • Water Engineering

Keywords

  • groundwater modelling
  • water harvesting
  • Gareh-Bygone Plain
  • (GBP)
  • Iran
  • system
  • floodwater spreading
  • floodwater
  • artificial recharge
  • water balance

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0262-6667