Challenges of Traditional Rainwater Harvesting Systems in Tunisia
Summary, in English
The main objective of this article is to examine the relevance of traditional hydraulic systems in ensuring sustainable water supplies at the catchment level and to explore ways to involve farmers in rural development. The methodology we used is based on the analysis of the Tunisian experience with traditional hydraulic systems to conserve water and soil. We proceed with a description of new forms of small hydraulic structures, which, since 1960, have increased significantly throughout the arid and semiarid landscape of Tunisia. We present a strategic framework related to the mobilization of water and to the institutions operating in the field of hydro-agricultural business techniques. The findings can contribute to promoting efficient and sustainable hydro-agricultural structures among decision makers and agricultural stakeholders regarding their future projects. The conclusions we draw can also help to stimulate new thinking about current and future agricultural, social, and economic challenges not only within Tunisia but also in other arid countries in the MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region.