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The Limits of Cooperation Between Israel and the Arab States

Cover of the Foreign Affairs Magazine

CMES visiting scholar Dalia Dassa Kaye has co-authored an article published in Foreign Affairs.

The article, "Is an Anti-Iran Alliance Emerging in the Middle East? The Limits of Cooperation Between Israel and the Arab States", was co-written by Dalia Dassa Kaye and Sanam Vakil (Chatham House's MENA Programme). It was published in Foreign Affairs on 26 April 2024.


When Iran directed over 300 missiles and drones at Israel on April 13, Jordan helped fend off the attack. Initial media reports suggested that several other Arab states assisted in Israel’s defense, efforts they later denied. Nonetheless, a chorus of Israeli leaders, as well as some observers in Washington, interpreted these acts as a sign of a major shift. These Arab states, the argument went, would side with Israel if its conflict with Iran continued to escalate. Lieutenant General Herzi Halevi, the Israel Defense Forces’ chief of staff, declared that Iran’s attack had “created new opportunities for cooperation in the Middle East.” The Institute for National Security Studies, a leading Israeli think tank, declared that “the regional and international coalition that participated in intercepting launches from Iran toward Israel demonstrates the potential of establishing a regional alliance against Iran.”

Read the article